By Weston Funcheon, White Rose Florida
In 1995 Umberto Eco, an Italian university professor with a long list of accolades, wrote an essay titled “Eternal Fascism” in which he lists fourteen general properties of fascist ideology. Through his essay he explains that it is not a requirement that all fourteen ideologies be present, but rather one of them is enough to allow fascism to blossom. How many can you identify in America today? Try to avoid partisanship.
They are as follows:
● The Cult of Tradition: Minority traditions and beliefs being absorbed and taken over by the majority tradition.
● The Rejection of Modernism: Rejecting modern developments and sciences while embracing superficial technological advances.
● Disagreement is Treason: Devaluing intellectual discourse.
● Fear of Difference: The exploitation of differences in nationality, race or religion.
● Appeal to Frustrated Middle Class: Exaggerating economic pressure from aspirations of lower social groups.
● Obsession with a Plot: The hyping up of an enemy threat.
● The Enemy is Too Strong & Too Weak: Playing up the power of enemies to give followers a sense of grievance, while casting them as weaker so the people feel like the populace can fight against them.
● Pacifism is Trafficking with the Enemy: Enforcing the idea that there is always an enemy to fight, and refusing to fight that enemy is treason.
● Contempt for the Weak: If you cannot support or fend for yourself, you deserve to die.
● Everybody is Educated to Become a Hero: Employing the idea that fighting, and even dying for your country is a noble pursuit.
● Machismo: Disdain for women and nonstandard sexual habits including chastity, homosexuality, and promiscuity.
● Selective Populism: Claiming that the People have a common will and that any particular individual is the interpreter of that will.
● Newspeak: Speaking down to the people to discourage critical thought and reasoning.
Join your local White Rose Society Chapter and see how you can help to fight fascism in your hometown today.